The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, unlike the Pembroke Corgi, possesses a tail, and is the older of the two Corgi breeds. These dogs are thought to be one of the earliest breeds in the British Isles, where they were used to drive livestock by nipping at their heels. This instinct is still quite strong in the Corgi and it can sometimes attempt to herd family members in the same way.
Corgis make highly intelligent companions. They are obedient, protective, loyal and affectionate, but are a little of wary of strangers. These powerful dogs are capable of both speed and endurance and therefore require plenty of regular exercise. Corgis are rather prone to weight gain; so exercise is of paramount importance to keep them in good shape. They also love to bark a lot and make excellent watchdogs.
The Corgi is low set with moderately heavy bones and a deep chest. It has sloping shoulders, a powerful and slightly arched neck and a long, brush tail. Both dogs and bitches are around the same height, measuring 10 -13 inches and weigh in the region of 25 -30 lbs. The broad, flat head is fox-like in appearance and tapers towards the eyes, with quite a long muzzle. The ears are large and erect and the eyes harmonize with the colour of the coat. The coat is made of harsh, medium length hair, with a soft, dense undercoat and comes in brindle, blue merle, black, black and tan, black and brindle, sable and red often accompanied by white markings.
Their wiry, medium length coat is shed twice a year and is easy to groom. Use a comb and firm bristle brush and groom regularly, only bathing when necessary.
Corgis are susceptible to some eye diseases such as, glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). They have a good lifespan of around twelve to fourteen years.
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